CORONAVIRUS: COVID-19

It is important to note that at this time the flu presents a risk to the general public and should be taken as seriously. Most respiratory symptoms, as of now, can be attributed to either the flu or the common cold but should be checked to be sure.

UNDERSTANDING, PREP AND RESPONSE

 

HISTORY

  • Started in Wuhan City, Hubei  Province, China, December 2019
  • World Health Organization: “COVID-19 is a public health emergency of international concern

 

SOURCE

  • It is common in some animals: camels, cattle, cats, bats
  • Rare in general for viruses to spread from animal to human and then human to human
  • Genetic sequencing from U.S. patients suggests (like China) that it came from a single, recent animal reservoir in Wuhan, probably from the Seafood and Animal Market, therefore suggestive of animal to human infection
  • The complete clinical picture is still unknown: infection can be mild-severe-death

 

RISK ASSESSMENT

Any new virus among people is of concern.  The risk depends on:

  • The characteristic of the virus
  • How easily it spreads between people
  • The severity of the illness it causes
  • Dependent on your exposure and personal health status
  • Older people and individuals with compromised immune systems are at greater risk
  • The measures available to control the impact
  • It is important to note that the current global circumstances suggest a pandemic (defined by global spread)
  • There is no current vaccine available
  • There is no specific antiviral treatment recommended


WHAT MAY HAPPEN

  • More cases will be diagnosed
  • Large numbers of cases will need medical care, beds, medicine
  • Will affect businesses, hospitals, schools, basic infrastructure such as medical response and law enforcement, transportation
  • Countries will increasingly institute travel bans, cancel flights to/from certain countries, and institute quarantine measures for infected travelers to/from those countries


CDC RESPONSE

  • GLOBAL efforts are focused concurrently on containing the spread of this virus and mitigating its impact


HOW IT’S SPREAD

  • Person to person spread between people who are in close contact with one another (about 6’)
  • Via respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes
  • These droplets can land in the mouths or noses of people who are nearby or possibly be inhaled into the lungs
  • It MAY be possible to get COVID-19 by touching a surface or object that has the virus on it and then touching their own mouth, nose or possibly their eyes, but this is not thought to be the main way the virus spreads


WHEN IS IT SPREAD?

  • People are thought to be the most contagious when they are the most symptomatic
  • Some spread may be possible before you show symptoms


HOW EFFICIENTLY DOES THE VIRUS SPREAD?

  • COVID-19 appears to be spreading quickly and easily person to person and in a sustained fashion (highly infectious and more easily transmitted than the flu)


SYMPTOMS

  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Shortness of breath


PREVENTION AND TREATMENT

  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth
  • Stay at home when you are sick
  • Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue, then throw away the tissue
  • Clean and disinfect frequently all surfaces used frequently
  • Facemasks should be used for anyone showing symptoms and for all caregivers
  • CDC does not recommend facemasks for well people to protect themselves
  • Wash your hands often with soap and hot running water for at least 20 seconds, especially after going to the bathroom, before eating, and after blowing your nose, coughing or sneezing
  • If soap and water are not available, use an alcohol-based sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol
  • Stock up on home supplies, medicine and resources

       


COMMUNITY MITIGATION

 

INTERVENTIONS FOR COMMUNITY PREPAREDNESS AND OUTBREAK RESPONSE

Public health actions that can slow the spread of the virus for which vaccines and drug treatments are not yet available.


PERSONAL PROTECTIVE MEASURES

  • Voluntary home isolation: stay home when you are sick with any symptoms
  • Respiratory etiquette: cover coughs and sneezes with a tissue, then throw away
  • Hand hygiene: frequent hand washing for 20 seconds with hot running water and soap or a 60% alcohol-based hand sanitizer
    Routinely clean frequently touched surfaces and objects
  • Keep away from others that are sick
  • Limit face to face contact with all others when possible
  • Consult with your HC provider if you or your household members are at high risk for complications (other healthcare issues such as heart, age, immunosuppression)
  • Wear a facemask if your doctor or a public health official says to
  • Stay at home if any household member is sick with respiratory disease symptoms, if instructed to do so by public health officials
  • Seek medical help early, if you experience any respiratory symptoms and/or fever – Call ahead
  • Voluntary home isolation for 14 days when you are sick with any symptoms or if you believe you have been in contact with anyone with COVID-19, and seek medical advice


COMMUNITY MEASURES

  • Temporary closures or dismissals of childcare facilities and schools
  • Workplace social distancing measures, such as replacing in-person meetings with teleworking where possible
  • Modifying, postponing or cancelling mass gatherings
  • Closing businesses if advised to do so
  • Alert local health authorities if you feel someone credibly might have COVID-19


IT IS IMPORTANT TO GET YOUR INFORMATION DIRECTLY FROM RELIABLE SOURCES, SUCH AS:

 

DO NOT GET ANY HEALTH INFORMATION ON CORONAVIRUS FROM ANY SOCIAL MEDIA SITES

 

If hired, we will work closely with you to provide guidance and support in managing your understanding and response to this healthcare crisis. 

Additionally, we will provide all the contact information for local, state and federal health departments for all current updates

All information has been obtained from The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Written by Deborah M. BAin RN, BSN

Post by Victoria

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