COVID-19 UPDATE

COVID-19 UPDATE

Started in Wuhan City Hubei Province, China, December 2019
USA: Total Cases as of 4pm 4/20/2020: 746,625
Total Deaths as of 4pm 4/20/2020: 39, 083

  • There is no vaccine
  • There is no cure: it is symptom management
  • It is spread from person to person through respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs, sneezes or talks by landing in the mouth or nose
  • The best way to prevent illness is to avoid being exposed by social distancing


Stay home where possible:

  • Recent studies have shown that COVID-19 may be spread by people not showing symptoms
  • Wear a mask when you must be out in public.


Dealing with the Physical Ramifications:

  • Symptoms
  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Shortness of Breath


Emergency Warning Signs:

  • Trouble breathing
  • Persistent chest pain or pressure
  • New confusion or inability to arouse
  • Bluish lips or face


What To Do If You Are Sick:

  • 911 if you exhibit any of the emergency warning signs
  • Contact your primary care physician: he/she will treat your symptoms
  • Stay Home: NO VISITORS
  • Take care of yourself
  • Stay in touch with your physician
  • If possible, isolate within your home…always use a separate bathroom where possible
  • Wash laundry often and thoroughly
  • Wear a cloth face mask over nose and mouth
  • Cover your mouth when you cough or sneeze, preferably into a tissue that gets thrown away
  • WASH YOUR HANDS – WASH YOUR HANDS – WASH YOUR HANDS
  • WASH YOUR HANDS OFTEN WITH HOT SOAPY WATER FOR 20 SECONDS
  • IF SOAP AND WATER ARE NOT AVAILABLE, USE A HAND SANITIZER WITH 60% ALCOHOL
  • Do not share personal household items (plates, utensils, cups, towels or bedding)
  • Clean and disinfect all “high-touch” surfaces daily (phones, remotes, counters, tabletops, doorknobs, bathroom fixtures, toilets, keyboards, tablets and bedside tables etc.)


When and How to Discontinue Home Isolation:

If no test: 3 full days of no fever

  • All symptoms have improved
  • At least 7 days have passed since your symptoms first appeared


If test: 3 Full days no fever

  • All symptoms have improved
  • Two negative tests 24 hours apart

(It should be noted that these are the CDC guidelines, but the testing is still not available.)

YOU MUST ALWAYS CHECK WITH YOUR PRIMARY CARE PHYSICIAN


How To Protect Yourself and Others:

  • Know how it is spread
  • Wash your hands often and correctly
  • Avoid close contact
  • Cover your mouth and nose with a cloth face cover when around others
  • Cover coughs and sneezes with a tissue (not with your hands) then discard
  • Clean and Disinfect all surfaces constantly and consistently
  • STAY INFORMED AS NEW INFORMATION IS LEARNED AND NEW PROTOCOLS PLACED


The Use of Masks – Cloth face coverings should:

  • Fit snugly but comfortably
  • Be secured with ties or ear loops
  • Include multiple layers of fabric
  • Allow for breathing without restriction
  • Be able to be laundered and machine dried without damage
  • If it is a cloth mask with a filter, wash in cold water and air dry
  • Be washed regularly
  • Not used on children under the age of two (2)
  • Removed without touching eyes, nose or mouth, fold outward, and wash hands immediately and place in a secure location, such as an envelope or baggy


The Use of Gloves:

  • Correctly washing hands frequently is still the best protection
  • There is real discussion about whether people should wear protective gloves in public. If you feel safer wearing gloves, please research the appropriate and correct way to put gloves on, take gloves off, and how to correctly dispose of them – https://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/pdf/poster-how-to-remove-gloves.pdf


TESTING

There is no cohesive protocol for testing yet. It is at the discretion of state and local health departments and/or individual clinicians.

Start with your primary care physician. He/she will determine your need for the test, provide a script, and direct you to the appropriate test site.


DEALING WITH THE MENTAL HEALTH RAMIFICATIONS

Stress:

  • Fear and worry about your own health and the health of those you love
  • Changes in sleep and/or eating habits
  • Difficulty sleeping or concentration
  • Worsening of chronic health problems
  • Worsening of mental health conditions
  • Increased use of alcohol, tobacco or drugs
  • Feelings of isolation and disconnection


People at higher risk of struggling with stress:

  • The elderly
  • Children and teens
  • Front line caregivers
  • People who have mental health or substance abuse challenges


Helpful tips:

  • If someone has a mental health or substance abuse diagnosis, arrange for a consistent connection with a licensed professional
  • Limit exposure to bad news
  • Keep up with a regular routine


Helpful tips continued:

  • Take breaks, eat well, exercise regularly, get outside where possible
  • Stay connected with loved ones through phone, email, texts, video chats and social media
  • There is no definitive decision yet on when social distancing will be stopped, and we get back to normal. There are two camps on this subject, the medical/scientific, and the economic. There are many professional opinions being expressed on both sides, and it is important to stay informed as we wait to see the outcome.


MYTH BUSTERS FROM THE WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION

  • 5G mobile networks DO NOT spread COVID-19
  • Exposing yourself to the sun or to high temperatures DOES NOT prevent COVID-19
  • You can recover: Having the virus DOES NOT mean you will have it for life
  • Holding your breath for 10 seconds or more without coughing DOES NOT mean no virus
  • Drinking alcohol DOES NOT protect you from COVID-19
  • COVID-19 CAN be transmitted in areas with hot and humid climates
  • Cold weather and snow CANNOT kill the new virus
  • Taking a hot bath DOES NOT prevent the new virus
  • COVID-19 CANNOT be transmitted through mosquito bites
  • Hand dryers ARE NOT effective in killing the new virus
  • Ultraviolet lamps should NOT be used because it will cause skin irritation
  • Thermal scanners CAN detect a fever, but not the virus in people who are not yet sick
  • Spraying alcohol or chlorine all over your body WILL NOT kill a virus you are infected with
  • Vaccines for pneumonia DO NOT protect you against the new virus
  • Regularly rinsing your nose with saline DOES NOT protect against the new virus
  • There is NO evidence that eating garlic will protect you from the new virus
  • People of ALL AGES can be infected by the new COVID-19
  • Antibiotics are NOT effective against COVID-19. Only bacteria
  • There are NO specific medications to prevent or treat COVID-19. Symptom treatment only
  • They are still obtaining data on pregnant women and their babies

 

Written by Deborah M. BAin RN, BSN

All information provided is from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and World Health Organization

Post by Victoria

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