COVID-19: What You Need to Know

Prism Health Advocates can educate and support your company on up-to-date information through:

  • Emails to employee base
  • Informational in-person seminar or webinar with Q&A
  • Consulting with companies through their prep and response
  • 9 to 5 hotline for all employees


For guidance and assistance, please call 860-592-0360 or
Email:  Victoria.Colombatto@PrismHealthAdvocates.com
Pricing upon request

THE NOVEL CORONAVIRUS (COVID-19)

It is important to note that at this time the flu still presents a risk to the general public and should be taken as seriously. Most respiratory symptoms, as of now, can be attributed to either the flu or the common cold but should be checked to be sure. To be tested for coronavirus, you must contact your physician. If he/she thinks you meet the criteria, they will contact the CDC or local health department to request the test. There is no guarantee that you will receive the test because 1. Lack of tests 2. Many of the symptoms are the same as a simple cold or flu 3. Confusion on how to determine your risk now that the virus is community based. Always call your doctor for best steps.

UNDERSTANDING, PREP AND RESPONSE

HISTORY

  • Started in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China, December 2019
  • World Health Organization: “COVID-19 is a public health emergency of international concern”
  • There are 7 other coronaviruses’. Four common and MERS-COV, SARS-COV and SARS-COV-2


SOURCE

  • It is common in some animals: camels, cattle, cats, bats
  • Rare in general for viruses to spread from animal to human and then human to human
  • Genetic sequencing from U.S. patients suggests (like China) that it came from a single, recent animal reservoir in Wuhan, probably from the Seafood and Animal Market, therefore suggestive of animal to human infection
  • The complete clinical picture is still unknown: infection can be mild-severe-critical


RISK ASSESSMENT

Any new virus among people is of concern. The risk depends on:

  • The characteristic of the virus
  • How easily it spreads between people
  • The severity of the illness it causes
  • Your exposure and personal health status
  • Your age and general health: older people and individuals with compromised immune systems are at greater risk
  • The measures available to control the impact
  • It is important to note that it is now a pandemic (defined by global spread)
  • There is no current vaccine available
  • There is no specific antiviral treatment recommended


WHAT MAY HAPPEN

  • More cases will be diagnosed
  • Large numbers of cases will need medical care, beds, medicine
  • Will affect businesses, hospitals, schools, basic infrastructure such as medical response and law enforcement, transportation
  • Countries will increasingly institute travel bans, cancel flights to/from certain countries, and institute quarantine measures for infected travelers to/from those countries


CDC RESPONSE

  • GLOBAL efforts are focused concurrently on containing the spread of this virus and mitigating its impact


HOW IT’S SPREAD

  • Person to person spread between people who are in close contact with one another (about 6’)
  • Via respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes
  • These droplets can land in the mouths or noses of people who are nearby or possibly be inhaled into the lungs
  • It MAY be possible to get COVID-19 by touching a surface or object that has the virus on it and then touching their own mouth, nose or possibly their eyes, but this is not thought to be the main way the virus spreads


WHEN IS IT SPREAD?

  • People are thought to be the most contagious when they are the most symptomatic
  • Some spread may be possible before you show symptoms

 

HOW EFFICIENTLY DOES THE VIRUS SPREAD?

COVID-19 appears to be spreading quickly and easily person to person and in a sustained fashion (highly infectious and more easily transmitted than the flu)

SYMPTOMS

  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Shortness of breath

PREVENTION AND TREATMENT

  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth
  • Stay at home when you are sick
  • Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue, then throw away the tissue
  • Clean and disinfect frequently all surfaces used frequently
  • Facemasks should be used for anyone showing symptoms and for all caregivers
  • CDC does not recommend facemasks for well people to protect themselves
  • Wash your hands often with soap and hot running water for at least 20 seconds, especially after going to the bathroom, before eating, and after blowing your nose, coughing or sneezing
  • If soap and water are not available, use an alcohol-based sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol
  • Stock up on home supplies, medicine and resources


DO NOT GET ANY HEALTH INFORMATION ON CORONAVIRUS FROM ANY SOCIAL MEDIA SITES THAT YOU ARE NOT SURE OF

Currently, with informational studies out of China, it appears that less around 80% of current cases are mild, some with mild pneumonia. Around 14% are severe with shortness of breath and decreased oxygen saturation, pneumonia or other lung complications, and around 5% are critical and need immediate hospitalization for life threatening symptoms.
Keep up to date with your local town/city authorities for current information regarding suggested or mandatory policies being put into place for your guidance and safety.
Also check with state websites for critical updates.


COMMUNITY MITIGATION

INTERVENTIONS FOR COMMUNITY PREPAREDNESS AND OUTBREAK RESPONSE

Public health actions that can slow the spread of the virus for which vaccines and drug treatments are not yet available.

PERSONAL PROTECTIVE MEASURES

  • Voluntary home isolation: stay home when you are sick with any symptoms
  • Respiratory etiquette: cover coughs and sneezes with a tissue, then throw away
  • Hand hygiene: frequent hand washing for 20 seconds with hot running water and soap or a 60% alcohol-based hand sanitizer
  • Routinely clean frequently touched surfaces and objects
  • Keep away from others that are sick
  • Limit face to face contact with all others when possible
  • Consult with your HC provider if you or your household members are at high risk for complications (other healthcare issues such as heart, age, immunosuppression)
  • Wear a facemask if your doctor or a public health official says to
  • Stay at home if any household member is sick with respiratory disease symptoms, if instructed to do so by public health officials
  • Seek medical help early, if you experience any respiratory symptoms and/or fever – Call ahead
  • Voluntary home isolation for 14 days when you are sick with any symptoms or if you believe you have been in contact with anyone with COVID-19, and seek medical advice


COMMUNITY MEASURES

  • Temporary closures or dismissals of childcare facilities and schools
  • Workplace social distancing measures, such as replacing in-person meetings with teleworking where possible
  • Modifying, postponing or cancelling mass gatherings
  • Closing businesses if advised to do so
  • Alert local health authorities if you feel someone credibly might have COVID-19

 

IT IS IMPORTANT TO GET YOUR INFORMATION DIRECTLY FROM RELIABLE SOURCES, SUCH AS:

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